Research

At SriAg Farms we keep abreast of latest developments in agricultural technology and conduct independent on-farm research simultaneously with farming. Our goal is to implement sustainable farming methodologies and conduct research to improve them and modify them to suit local conditions. We understand the need for mechanization and we will be in the forefront in trying out farm machinery and providing our realtime input.

We implent and perform research on the following technologies:

ABOUT SRI

SRI (System of Rice Intensification) is an improved method of rice cultivation originally developed in 1983 in Madagascar and is now being practiced in several countries.

SRI (System of Rice Intensification) uses less seed (1-2 kg/ac), less water (30% less) and achieves higher yields (25% or more). More rice with less resources. SriAg Farms strongly support SRI technology keeping in view food security and urges farmers to follow SRI farming.

Cono weeding SRI

There is not a standard package of practices for SRI that is universal to all regions. Farmers need to implement what is known and experiment on how to make it better; Thanks to farmers for being SRI scientists!

For obtaining higher yields in paddy a plant must have:

  • more tillers
  • more number of effective tillers
  • large panicles and more grains per panicle
  • higher grain weight
  • extensive root growth.

SRI methodology is based on achieving all of the above objectives without relying too much on chemical fertilizers and utilizing fewer resources.

Key attributes of SRI Methodology that help boost yields:

Wider Spacing: Wider spacing improves aeration and reduces the competition for water and sunlight promoting extensive root growth. More roots more nutrients taken in thus building stronger plants. Stronger plants produce more tillers and large panicles with more higher weight grains. Thus wider spacing helps achieve higher yields.

Less Seed: Seed requirement is less because of wider spacing.

Transplanting 2 leaf stage young seedlings: Transplanting 2 leaf stage plant generates more number of tillers and promotes healthy plant growth thus promoting higher yield potential.

Less water: Even though paddy survives under stagnant water conditions, it grows more profusely under saturated conditions. Since stagnant conditions does not need to be maintained in SRI, intermittent irrigation (alternate wet dry cycles) is sufficient. Alternate wetting and drying provides more aeration to plant roots thus better root growth and healthier plant growth while conserving the precious resource ‘Water’.

Organic Matter: Addition of organic matter like Farm yard manure (FYM), Compost etc. helps soil microbes grow better and multiply faster. Soil microbes help in mineralization of nutrients into plant available forms and providing nutrients through out the life cycle of the plant.

Turning weeds into soil: Frequent weeding using weeders and turning weeds back into soil helps in organic matter enrichment while aerating the soil.

cono weeding using garuda power weeder

System of Rice Intensification Field

 

 

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